Addressing sex-based disparities in solid organ transplantation in the United States – a conference report

Deirdre Sawinski, Jennifer C. Lai, Sean Pinney, Alice L. Gray, Annette M. Jackson, Darren Stewart, Deborah Jo Levine, Jayme E. Locke, James J. Pomposelli, Matthew G. Hartwig, Shelley A. Hall, Darshana M. Dadhania, Rebecca Cogswell, Richard V. Perez, Jesse D. Schold, Nicole A. Turgeon, Jon Kobashigawa, Jasleen Kukreja, John C. Magee, John FriedewaldJohn S. Gill, Gabriel Loor, Julie K. Heimbach, Elizabeth C. Verna, Mary Norine Walsh, Norah Terrault, Guiliano Testa, Joshua M. Diamond, Peter P. Reese, Kimberly Brown, Susan Orloff, Maryjane A. Farr, Kim M. Olthoff, Mark Siegler, Nancy Ascher, Sandy Feng, Bruce Kaplan, Elizabeth Pomfret

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Solid organ transplantation provides the best treatment for end-stage organ failure, but significant sex-based disparities in transplant access exist. On June 25, 2021, a virtual multidisciplinary conference was convened to address sex-based disparities in transplantation. Common themes contributing to sex-based disparities were noted across kidney, liver, heart, and lung transplantation, specifically the existence of barriers to referral and wait listing for women, the pitfalls of using serum creatinine, the issue of donor/recipient size mismatch, approaches to frailty and a higher prevalence of allosensitization among women. In addition, actionable solutions to improve access to transplantation were identified, including alterations to the current allocation system, surgical interventions on donor organs, and the incorporation of objective frailty metrics into the evaluation process. Key knowledge gaps and high-priority areas for future investigation were also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)316-325
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Society of Transplantation & American Society of Transplant Surgeons


  • disparities
  • ethics and public policy
  • heart transplant
  • kidney transplant
  • liver transplant
  • lung transplant
  • organ allocation
  • organ procurement and allocation
  • sex disparities
  • solid organ transplantation

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Congress


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