Addressing practical challenges with entrustable professional activities in ambulatory care experiential education

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) have been adopted and endorsed by the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy as an assessment strategy. Application of EPAs in ambulatory care advanced pharmacy practice experiences (APPEs) has demonstrated potential internal grading consistency challenges and warrants further guidance.

EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Within a required ambulatory care APPE, a rubric was developed using purposeful and convenience sampling of preceptors, faculty, and students to concretely delineate expected EPA level progression from week one to week four based on setting specific activities.

FINDINGS: The rubric was perceived to be accurate and useful as a tool for improving expectations of progression in the respective roles on ambulatory care APPEs.

SUMMARY: Specifying performance of common clinical activities by weekly EPA level progression within an ambulatory care APPE was perceived to address some of the challenges in APPE grading consistency. Research for determining appropriate progression within an APPE and progression context within graduate and post-graduate training is needed. As more pharmacy training programs implement EPAs, collaboration in applying core EPAs into experiential education will be needed. This example of a setting specific progression rubric may serve as a useful tool for preceptors and students during their APPEs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)200-207
Number of pages8
JournalCurrents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Inc.


  • Entrustable professional activities
  • Experiential learning
  • Progression


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