Addressing Community Health Worker Wellness and Self-care: A Formative Evaluation

Chelsey Kirkland, Jeffrey S. Hallam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Community health workers (CHWs) experience higher than average risks for chronic diseases and poor health and are disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 pandemic due to being from historically marginalized populations. Despite limited literature, these factors in-dicate a need for CHW-specific support programming for wellness and self-care. Therefore, we conducted formative evaluation using virtual focus groups (N = 5) using descriptive and inter-pretive qualitative research methods to inform a program called “HANS KAI.” Methods: The focus groups included CHWs (N = 35) and CHW supervisors (N = 5) to explore CHW-support programming needs and understand their perceptions of HANS KAI. Two moderators followed a semi-structured focus group guide with questions and prompts focused on 5 primary domains: (1) Intervention Initiation, (2) Impact of Agency Culture, (3) HANS KAI Meeting Details, (4) HANS KAI Meeting Topics, and (5) Intervention Incentives. Audio-transcribed data were aggre-gated and analyzed for each domain with inductive codes involving iterative cycles of descriptive and in vivo coding. Salient themes and sub-themes were developed based on the domains. Results: We developed 8 salient themes within the domains. Conclusion: Our findings reveal that CHW HANS KAI components reflect CHWs’ needs, may benefit CHWs, and provide insights into CHW-specific programming.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1279-1290
Number of pages12
JournalHealth Behavior and Policy Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, Paris Scholar Publishing. All rights reserved.


  • community based research
  • community health worker
  • focus group
  • health equity
  • physical activity
  • program planning
  • self-care
  • stress and management
  • wellness


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