Adaptive coping reduces the impact of community violence exposure on violent behavior among African American and Latino male adolescents

Sonya S. Brady, Deborah Gorman-Smith, David B. Henry, Patrick H. Tolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examined whether coping moderated the impact of community violence exposure (CVE) on violent behavior among 285 urban African American and Latino adolescent males assessed annually across 5 years. Composites indicating overall CVE (having knowledge of others' victimization, witnessing violence, direct victimization) and approach to coping with CVE were created by averaging across years 1-3 (Time 1; mean ages 14-16). Adolescents classified as coping effectively tended to respond to CVE in beneficial ways (e.g., developing long-term solutions, engaging in positive reappraisal). Violent behavior was examined across years 1-3 (Time 1) and years 4-5 (Time 2; mean ages 18-19). CVE was longitudinally associated with greater violent behavior, adjusting for Time 1 levels of violent behavior. This association was significant only among adolescents with less effective coping strategies. Interventions targeting the enhancement of coping skills may be an effective method of reducing the impact of CVE on adolescent violent behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-115
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

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Hispanic Americans
African Americans
Crime Victims
Adolescent Behavior
Psychological Adaptation
Violence
Exposure to Violence

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • African American
  • Community violence
  • Coping
  • Latino

Cite this

Adaptive coping reduces the impact of community violence exposure on violent behavior among African American and Latino male adolescents. / Brady, Sonya S.; Gorman-Smith, Deborah; Henry, David B.; Tolan, Patrick H.

In: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, Vol. 36, No. 1, 01.01.2008, p. 105-115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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