Adaptive and maladaptive personality traits in high-risk gamblers

Davide Carlotta, Robert F. Krueger, Kristian E. Markon, Serena Borroni, Fernanda Frera, Antonella Somma, Cesare Maffei, Andrea Fossati

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33 Scopus citations


Gambling Disorder (GD) is an addictive disorder resulting in significant impairment in occupational and social functioning. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of GD risk to adaptive and maladaptive personality dimensions in a sample of nonreferred Italian gamblers. The authors found the risk for GD to show significant associations with the Openness and Conscientiousness scales of the Big Five Inventory (BFI); however, these effects were not significant after controlling for alcohol and drug use. GD risk showed significant associations with the Detachment and Antagonism domains of the Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5), as well as with the PID-5 facet scales of Hostility, Callousness, Deceitfulness, Manipulativeness, Irresponsibility, and (low) Rigid Perfectionism, even when controlling for alcohol and drug use. Maladaptive personality dispositions may serve as risk factors for pathological gambling, even beyond their impact on frequently concomitant problems with alcohol and other drugs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)378-392
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of personality disorders
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015

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© 2015 The Guilford Press.


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