Adaption and Implication of Telemedicine in Rural Healthcare Delivery throughout the United States

Janna Madden, Arshia A Khan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Providing healthcare in rural areas introduces a unique set of challenges. One such challenge is the disproportionate allocation of medical professionals. Only ten percent of physicians practice in rural settings despite nearly one fourth of the population living in rural areas. Because of the inconvenience and effort seeking care causes, rural patients often delay receiving the care they need. This lack of consistent care in rural areas actually leads to more complex and costly conditions when simple problems develop into serious complications. Telemedicine was identified as an essential tool to addressing healthcare locality disparities. This paper looks at the correlation of healthcare quality measures and telemedicine implementation rates in an effort to quantify utility gained by implementing these systems. This was done by joining two national data sets; the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) 'Hospital Compare', which provides quality measures by hospital, and Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) data set which shows various technology implemented in various healthcare settings. From this data, an area of particular growth, cardiac care focused telemedicine, was identified. However, compared to other telemedicine system types (such as radiology or intensive care) that have fairly consistent implementation rates across all hospital types, cardiac care telemedicine systems are far less implemented in critical access hospitals than in general or academic settings. These findings lead us to investigate possible barriers to implementation and the correlation between quality measures and the presence of telemedicine systems at the institution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2017 International Conference on Computational Science and Computational Intelligence, CSCI 2017
EditorsFernando G. Tinetti, Quoc-Nam Tran, Leonidas Deligiannidis, Mary Qu Yang, Mary Qu Yang, Hamid R. Arabnia
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1678-1683
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781538626528
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 4 2018
Event2017 International Conference on Computational Science and Computational Intelligence, CSCI 2017 - Las Vegas, United States
Duration: Dec 14 2017Dec 16 2017

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2017 International Conference on Computational Science and Computational Intelligence, CSCI 2017

Other

Other2017 International Conference on Computational Science and Computational Intelligence, CSCI 2017
CountryUnited States
CityLas Vegas
Period12/14/1712/16/17

Keywords

  • HIMSS
  • Rural healthcare delivery
  • cardiac complication rates
  • health technology
  • healthcare quality
  • patient-centered care
  • telemedicine

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  • Cite this

    Madden, J., & Khan, A. A. (2018). Adaption and Implication of Telemedicine in Rural Healthcare Delivery throughout the United States. In F. G. Tinetti, Q-N. Tran, L. Deligiannidis, M. Q. Yang, M. Q. Yang, & H. R. Arabnia (Eds.), Proceedings - 2017 International Conference on Computational Science and Computational Intelligence, CSCI 2017 (pp. 1678-1683). [8561057] (Proceedings - 2017 International Conference on Computational Science and Computational Intelligence, CSCI 2017). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/CSCI.2017.292