Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous inflammatory disease of unknown etiology. There is evidence that Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha (TNF-α) antagonists are useful in the treatment of advanced or refractory disease. However, sarcoidosis-like reaction has been reported with TNF-α blockade in other inflammatory conditions. Here we report a case of sarcoid-like reaction in a patient with psoriatic arthritis shortly after initiation of adalimumab therapy. Stopping adalimumab and systemic anti-inflammatory therapy with corticosteroids resulted in resolution of pulmonary symptoms and chest radiographic findings. Though TNF-α plays a critical role in pathogenesis of sarcoidosis, the development of sarcoid reaction with TNF-α blockade is paradoxical and the mechanism of this response remains unknown. TNF-α induced sarcoid-reaction could involve multiple organs. Its development with one agent does not preclude therapy with other TNF-α blockers.
- Sarcoid reaction
- TNF blockers