Acute stimulation of renin secretion changes the multiple form profile of active plasma renin

John A. Opsahl, Paul A. Abraham, Stephen A. Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Active renin is composed of multiple forms with variable isoelectric points. In this study, the relative proportions of five major active renin forms in human peripheral venous plasma were compared before and 2 h after stimulation of renin secretion with both converting enzyme inhibition (quinapril) and upright posture in five patients with essential hypertension. The five major active renin forms were separated by shallow gradient isoelectric fo­cusing and quantitated by radioimmunoassay of generated angiotensin I. Plasma renin activity in­creased from 1.2 to 5.1 ng AI/mL/h (P <.05). This was accompanied by a significant increase in the proportions of the two most basic renin forms and a significant decrease in the proportion of the most acidic form in venous plasma. Although the mechanism cannot be determined from this study, the altered renin form profile ob­served could have resulted from preferential renal secretion and/or altered hepatic extraction of the more basic forms. An altered renin form profile in response to acute stimulation has important physi­ologic implications. Since the relatively basic renin forms are preferentially degraded they possess shorter half-lives. Additionally, the multiple forms of active renin may be functionally heterogenous. Thus, acute stimulation of renin secretion may re­sult in circulating renin with a shorter duration of action and different functional effects than renin released under steady state conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)126-130
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican journal of hypertension
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1991

Keywords

  • Active renin
  • Essential hypertension
  • Plasma renin activity
  • Renin forms

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