Acute integrity of closure for partial nephrectomy: Comparison of 7 agents in a hypertensive porcine model. Johnston WK III, Kelel KM, Hollenbeck BK, Daignault S, Wolf JS Jr, Department of Urology, University of Michigan and Veterans Administration Medical Center, Ann Arbor, MI

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Abstract

Purpose: We assessed the acute effectiveness of closure after partial nephrectomy of 7 techniques in a large hypertensive porcine model using shallow and deep resections to approximate clinical situations. Materials and Methods: Open surgical partial nephrectomy with hilar clamping was performed in pigs weighing 150 to 200 lbs, including small-a quarter length and a quarter width of kidney, medium-a third length and a third width of kidney, and into the renal sinus and up to the collecting system, and large-lower pole heminephrectomy at the renal sinus. Seven agents were compared after a single application, namely thrombin/collagen granules, polyethylene glycol hydrogel, fibrin glue, thrombin/gelatin granules, cyanoacrylate glue, fibrin glue/gelatin sponge and sutured bolster. Failure and success were determined by the presence or absence of bleeding, respectively, after unclamping and by an increase in SBP to 100 and then to 200 mm Hg with dopamine infusion. Results: Of 70 partial nephrectomies the success rates were 33% and 14% for thrombin/collagen granules, and 67% and 0% for polyethylene glycol hydrogel in small and medium resections; 100%, 71% and 0% for fibrin glue, and 100%, 86% and 0% for thrombin/gelatin granules in small, medium and large resections; and 67% and 80% for cyanoacrylate glue, 100% and 20% for fibrin glue/gelatin sponge, and 100% for sutured bolster in medium and large resections, respectively. Of the kidneys that did not bleed at an SBP of 100 mm Hg 31% bled at 200 mm Hg. Conclusions: There is considerable variability among agents. Most were effective for small resections and some worked for medium resections but for large resections only sutured bolster was consistently effective. SBP also appears to be an important factor. These results bear on the selection of techniques during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-94
Number of pages2
JournalUrologic Oncology: Seminars and Original Investigations
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

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