Acute Compartment Syndrome

Andrew H. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is a well-known pathophysiologic complication of trauma or tissue ischemia. ACS affects the appearance, function, and even the viability of the involved limb, and demands immediate diagnosis and treatment. However, ACS is difficult to diagnose and the only effective treatment is decompressive surgical fasciotomy. The clinical signs and symptoms may easily be attributed to other aspects of the injury, which further complicates the diagnosis. This article highlights the latest information regarding the diagnosis of ACS, how to perform fasciotomies, how to manage fasciotomy wounds, and also reviews complications and outcomes of ACS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-525
Number of pages9
JournalOrthopedic Clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Disclosure: The author received no funds in support of this article. The author has received research funding from the Dept. of Defense (W81XWH-10-1-0750, W81XWH-10-2-0090, W81XWH-12-1-0212) . The author owns stock in Twin Star ECS.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.

Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Acute compartment syndrome
  • Complication
  • Fasciotomy
  • Intramuscular pressure
  • Perfusion pressure
  • Pressure monitoring


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