Acute Compartment Syndrome

Andrew H. Schmidt

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is a well-known pathophysiologic complication of trauma or tissue ischemia. ACS affects the appearance, function, and even the viability of the involved limb, and demands immediate diagnosis and treatment. However, ACS is difficult to diagnose and the only effective treatment is decompressive surgical fasciotomy. The clinical signs and symptoms may easily be attributed to other aspects of the injury, which further complicates the diagnosis. This article highlights the latest information regarding the diagnosis of ACS, how to perform fasciotomies, how to manage fasciotomy wounds, and also reviews complications and outcomes of ACS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-525
Number of pages9
JournalOrthopedic Clinics of North America
Volume47
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • Acute compartment syndrome
  • Complication
  • Fasciotomy
  • Intramuscular pressure
  • Perfusion pressure
  • Pressure monitoring

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