Acute and Chronic Temporomandibular Disorder Pain: A critical review of differentiating factors and predictors of acute to chronic pain transition

Omar Sabsoob, Sherif M. Elsaraj, Mervyn Gornitsky, Elise Laszlo, James R Fricton, Eric L. Schiffman, Ana M. Velly

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Aims: The aims of this critical review were to: (i) assess the factors that differentiate acute from chronic temporomandibular disorders (TMD) pain; (ii) assess the risk factors associated with the transition from acute to chronic TMD pain; and (iii) summarize and appraise the studies. Method: The databases used were MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Eligible studies included articles comparing acute to chronic TMD pain, and cohort studies assessing the risk factors implicated in the transition from acute to chronic TMD pain. Results: Seven articles were selected: one case-control study, three cross-sectional studies, and three cohort studies. These studies found that psychological factors were more common in chronic than acute TMD pain patients; however, these factors did not increase the transition risk in the multivariable model. Myofascial and baseline pain intensity were associated with the transition from acute to chronic TMD pain at a 6-month follow-up. Due to methodological weaknesses in the available literature, more research is required to establish the risk factors implicated in the transition from acute to chronic TMD pain. Conclusion: This review found some evidence that myofascial pain is associated with the transition risk from acute to chronic TMD pain at a 6-month follow-up and that pain intensity at baseline is associated with more intense TMD pain 6 months later. There is insufficient evidence to draw conclusions about the role of demographics and psychological disorders as independent risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)362-372
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Oral Rehabilitation
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors thank Mr. Martin Morris, McGill University?s dental librarian, who performed the search strategy for this study. This study was funded by R?seau de recherche en sant? buccodentaire et osseuse and the Quebec Pain Research Network.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Keywords

  • acute pain
  • chronic pain
  • review
  • temporomandibular disorders
  • transition

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article
  • Review

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