Objectives-Patients with hematologic malignancies, especially those with acute disease or those receiving intense chemotherapy, are known to develop acute acalculous cholecystitis (AAC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic and prognostic value of the established ultrasound (US) diagnostic criteria for AAC in patients with acute hematologic malignancies who were clinically suspected to have AAC. Methods-We retrospectively studied the US findings of the gallbladder in patients with hematologic malignancies and correlated these findings with the duration of clinical symptoms, complications, and gallbladder-specific mortality. The major criteria were a 3.5-mm or thicker wall, pericholecystic fluid, intramural gas, and a sloughed mucosal membrane. The minor criteria were echogenic bile and hydrops (gallbladder distension>4 cm). Ultrasound findings were considered positive if they included 2 major criteria or 1 major and 2 minor criteria. Results-Ninety-four (25.5%) of 368 patients with hematologic malignancies had clinical signs of AAC during their acute phase of illness or during intense chemotherapy. Forty-three (45.7%) of these 94 patients had AAC-positive test results based on US criteria. The mean duration of symptoms was significantly longer (7.8 days) in this group than among the patients with negative test results (3.9 days; P<.001). Patients with positive test results had a higher rate of complications or mortality (20.9%) than those with negative test results (0%; P<.001). Conclusions-Symptomatic patients who meet the US criteria for the diagnosis of AAC have a poor prognosis. Other patients require a close follow-up US examination within 1 week to detect early progression.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2018 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.
- Acute acalculous cholecystitis
- Hematologic malignancies