Activity, travel, and the allocation of time

David Levinson, Ajay Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


This paper analyzes 1968 and 1987-88 metropolitan Washington, DC household travel surveys to understand the daily allocation of time among different activities of individuals classified by work status and gender. The increase in female labor force participation rates has produced an increase in overall time spent at work per person. The increase in work trips and the simultaneous increase in nonwork trips has resulted in less time spent at home. People are substituting money for time spent at home, buying household services outside the home. The group of individuals who work at home is analyzed separately to obtain an understanding of this growing segment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)458-470
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the American Planning Association
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1995

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge support of the staffs of the Montgomery County Planning Department, the Metropolitan Washington Council of Governments, and the University of California at Berkeley, Institute of Transportation Studies. The authors also thank three anonymous reviewers for their insightful comments. The opinions expressed and any errors remain the responsibility of the authors.

Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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