Hemiacetylcarnitinium ((2S,6R:2R,6S)-6-carboxymethyl-2-hydroxy-2,4,4-trimethylmorpholinium) chloride is a relatively potent competitive inhibitor (Ki = 0.89 mM) of pigeon breast carnitine acetyltransferase (CAT) and of the crude rat liver CAT (Ki = 4.72 mM) but is neither an inhibitor nor an effective substrate for purified rat liver carnitine palmitoyltransferase (CPT). It does not inhibit state 3 oxygen consumption in isolated hepatic mitochondria using palmitioyl-CoA or palmitoylcarnitine as substrates. This compound is a reaction intermediate analogue of the proposed tetrahedral intermediate for acetyl transfer between acetylcarnitine and CoASH. Because the hemiketal carbon is chiral, a suggestion is made that one of the enantiomers has the same relative configuration as the proposed tetrahedral intermediate.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jul 31 1986|