Active control based energy harvesting for battery-less wireless traffic sensors

K. Vijayaraghavan, R. Rajamani

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

A novel battery-less wireless sensor is developed that can be embedded in the road and used to measure traffic flow rate, speed and vehicle weight. Compared to the ubiquitous inductive loop based traffic sensor, the new sensor is expected to provide increased reliability, easy installation and low maintenance costs. Energy to power this sensor is harvested from the short duration vibrations that results when an automobile passes over the sensor. Since all of the earlier work in literature on vibration energy harvesting has focused on continuous sources of vibration, this paper focuses on short duration vibrations and on developing low power control algorithms that can be implemented on the sensor using an analog circuit. To this effect this paper develops and compares three control algorithms "Fixed threshold switching", "Maximum Voltage switching" and "Switched Inductor" for maximizing this harvested energy. The "Switched inductor" algorithm is shown to be the most effective at maximizing harvested energy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2007 American Control Conference, ACC
Pages3106-3111
Number of pages6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007
Event2007 American Control Conference, ACC - New York, NY, United States
Duration: Jul 9 2007Jul 13 2007

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Control Conference
ISSN (Print)0743-1619

Other

Other2007 American Control Conference, ACC
CountryUnited States
CityNew York, NY
Period7/9/077/13/07

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Vijayaraghavan, K., & Rajamani, R. (2007). Active control based energy harvesting for battery-less wireless traffic sensors. In Proceedings of the 2007 American Control Conference, ACC (pp. 3106-3111). [4282842] (Proceedings of the American Control Conference). https://doi.org/10.1109/ACC.2007.4282842