T cell activation results from the engagement of multiple receptors on T cells by their respective ligands on antigen presenting cells. Studies using artificial cell surface constructs have demonstrated that effective T cell response requires that antigen be presented on a solid surface with dimensions that approximate those of an intact cell. In this report, we describe the cloning and expression of recombinant B7-1-Fc and B7-2-Fc proteins and their incorporation onto 5-μm latex microspheres along with renatured peptide-MHC. These microspheres provide a simple and effective method for the in vitro or in vivo stimulation of antigen-specific T cells under precisely controlled antigen and costimulation conditions.
- Artificial cell surface constructs
- Lymphocyte activation