Action-state orientation and the theory of planned behavior: A study of job search in China

Zhaoli Song, Connie Wanberg, Xiongying Niu, Yizhong Xie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations


Job search is an important element of people's careers and is especially critical for unemployed individuals. The current study surveyed a sample of 328 unemployed job seekers in China to test hypotheses related to the theory of planned behavior and action-state orientation theory. Results of the three-wave longitudinal study demonstrated that the theory of planned behavior was effective in modeling job-search intention and job-search intensity. Action-state orientation moderated the relationship between attitude and intention, as well as the relationship between intention and intensity. The current study sheds light on the motivational and self-regulatory process of job search and reemployment for Chinese unemployed job seekers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)490-503
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2006

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We are indebted to Changhe Zhu and Baoling Wei from the Xicheng Employment Center in Beijing for their dedication in coordinating this project. We also thank Adib Birkland for his helpful comments on earlier versions of the manuscript. This project was partially supported by funding from National University of Singapore and Chinese Social Science Foundation. (Grant number 03BJY028).

Copyright 2006 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Action-state orientation
  • China
  • Job search
  • Theory of planned behavior
  • Unemployment


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