The main objectives of follow-up studies after completion of treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma are detection of recurrence for salvage therapy and monitoring for sequelae of treatment. The focus of the follow-up shifts, with time after treatment, from detection of recurrence to long-term sequelae. A majority of recurrence is detected by history and physical examination. The yield for routine imaging studies and blood tests is low. Although routine surveillance CT scan can detect recurrence not detected by history and physical examination, its benefit in ultimate survival and cost-effectiveness is not well defined. Although PET scan is a useful tool in assessing response to treatment, its routine use for follow-up is not recommended. Long-term sequelae of treatment include secondary malignancy, cardiovascular disease, pneumonitis, reproductive dysfunction, and hypothyroidism. Follow-up strategies for these sequelae need to be individualized, as their risks in general depend on the dose and volume of radiation to these organs, chemotherapy, age at treatment, and predisposing factors for each sequela. The ACR Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed every 3 years by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and review include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer-reviewed journals and the application of a well-established consensus methodology (modified Delphi) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures by the panel. In those instances in which evidence is either lacking or not definitive, expert opinion may be used to recommend imaging or treatment.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2014 American College of Radiology.
- Appropriateness Criteria
- follow up
- Hodgkin lymphoma
- treatment sequela