Acquisition of a quantitative, stoichiometrically conserved ratiometric marker of maturation status in stem cell-derived cardiac myocytes

Fikru B. Bedada, Sunny S K Chan, Stefania K. Metzger, Liying Zhang, Jianyi Zhang, Daniel J. Garry, Timothy J. Kamp, Michael Kyba, Joseph M. Metzger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

There is no consensus in the stem cell field as to what constitutes the mature cardiac myocyte. Thus, helping formalize a molecular signature for cardiac myocyte maturation would advance the field. In the mammalian heart, inactivation of the "fetal" TNNI gene, TNNI1 (ssTnI), together in temporal concert with its stoichiometric replacement by the adult TNNI gene product, TNNI3 (cTnI), represents a quantifiable ratiometric maturation signature. We examined the TNNI isoform transition in human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) cardiac myocytes (hiPSC-CMs) and found the fetal TNNI signature, even during long-term culture. Rodent stem cell-derived and primary myocytes, however, transitioned to the adult TnI profile. Acute genetic engineering of hiPSC-CMs enabled a rapid conversion toward the mature TnI profile. While there is no single marker to denote the mature cardiac myocyte, we propose that tracking the cTnI:ssTnI protein isoform ratio provides a valuable maturation signature to quantify myocyte maturation status across laboratories.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-605
Number of pages12
JournalStem Cell Reports
Volume3
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 14 2014

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