Acoustic collision detection and localization for robot manipulators

Xiaoran Fan, Daewon Lee, Yuan Chen, Colin Prepscius, Volkan Isler, Larry Jackel, H. Sebastian Seung, Daniel Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Collision detection is critical for safe robot operation in the presence of humans. Acoustic information originating from collisions between robots and objects provides opportunities for fast collision detection and localization; however, audio information from microphones on robot manipulators needs to be robustly differentiated from motors and external noise sources. In this paper, we present Panotti, the first system to efficiently detect and localize on-robot collisions using low-cost microphones. We present a novel algorithm that can localize the source of a collision with centimeter level accuracy and is also able to reject false detections using a robust spectral filtering scheme. Our method is scalable, easy to deploy, and enables safe and efficient control for robot manipulator applications. We implement and demonstrate a prototype that consists of 8 miniature microphones on a 7 degree of freedom (DOF) manipulator to validate our design. Extensive experiments show that Panotti realizes near perfect on-robot true positive collision detection rate with almost zero false detections even in high noise environments. In terms of accuracy, it achieves an average localization error of less than 3.8 cm under various experimental settings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2020 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages9529-9536
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781728162126
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 24 2020
Event2020 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2020 - Las Vegas, United States
Duration: Oct 24 2020Jan 24 2021

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems
ISSN (Print)2153-0858
ISSN (Electronic)2153-0866

Conference

Conference2020 IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, IROS 2020
CountryUnited States
CityLas Vegas
Period10/24/201/24/21

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 IEEE.

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

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