Achieving real-time target tracking using wireless sensor networks

Tian He, Pascal Vicaire, Ting Yant, Liqian Luo, Lin Gu, Gang Zhou, Radu Stoleru, Qing Cao, John A. Stankovic, Tarek Abdelzaher

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

134 Scopus citations

Abstract

Target tracking systems, consisting of thousands of low-cost sensor nodes, have been used in many application domains such as battlefield surveillance, wildlife monitoring and border security. These applications need to meet certain real-time constraints in response to transient events, such as fast-moving targets. While the real-time performance is a major concern in these applications, it should be compatible with other important system properties such as energy consumption and accuracy. Hence, it is desirable to have the ability to exploit the tradeoffs among them. This work presents the real-time design and analysis of VigilNet, a large-scale sensor network system which tracks, detects and classifies targets in a timely and energy efficient manner. Based on a deadline partition method and theoretical derivations of each sub-deadline, we are able to make guided engineering decisions to meet the end-to-end tracking deadline. To confirm our design and obtain an empirical understanding of these tradeoffs, we invest significant efforts to perform large-scale simulations with 10,000 nodes as well as a field test with 200 XSM motes, running VigilNet. The results from both analysis and evaluation can serve as general design guidelines to build similar real-time systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 12th IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium
Pages37-48
Number of pages12
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 2006
Event12th IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: Apr 4 2006Apr 7 2006

Publication series

NameProceedings of the IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium, RTAS
Volume2006
ISSN (Print)1545-3421

Other

Other12th IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium
CountryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA
Period4/4/064/7/06

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  • Cite this

    He, T., Vicaire, P., Yant, T., Luo, L., Gu, L., Zhou, G., Stoleru, R., Cao, Q., Stankovic, J. A., & Abdelzaher, T. (2006). Achieving real-time target tracking using wireless sensor networks. In Proceedings of the 12th IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium (pp. 37-48). [1613321] (Proceedings of the IEEE Real-Time and Embedded Technology and Applications Symposium, RTAS; Vol. 2006). https://doi.org/10.1109/RTAS.2006.9