As a key approach to achieve energy efficiency in sensor networks, sensing coverage has been studied extensively in the literature. Researchers have designed many coverage protocols to provide various kinds of service guarantees on the network lifetime, coverage ratio and detection delay. While these protocols are effective, they are not flexible enough to meet multiple design goals simultaneously. In this paper, we propose a unified sensing coverage architecture for duty cycled wireless sensor networks, called uSense, which features three novel ideas: Asymmetric Architecture, Generic Switching and Global Scheduling. We propose asymmetric architecture based on the conceptual separation of switching from scheduling. Switching is efficiently supported in sensor nodes, while scheduling is done in a separated computational entity, where multiple scheduling algorithms are supported. As an instance, we propose a two-level global coverage algorithm, called uScan. At the first level, coverage is scheduled to activate different portions of an area. We propose an optimal scheduling algorithm to minimize area breach. At the second level, sets of nodes are selected to cover active portions. Importantly, we show the feasibility to obtain optimal set-cover results in linear time if the layout of areas satisfies certain conditions. Through extensive testbed and simulation evaluations, we demonstrate that uSense is a promising architecture to support flexible and efficient coverage in sensor networks.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
|Published - Dec 1 2014
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2014 IEEE.
- Sensing coverage
- Sensor networks
- Two-level scheduling