Accuracy of first-principles interatomic interactions and predictions of ferroelectric phase transitions in perovskite oxides: Energy functional and effective Hamiltonian

Arpita Paul, Jianwei Sun, John P. Perdew, Umesh V. Waghmare

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Abstract

While first-principles density functional theory (DFT)-based models have been effective in capturing the physics of ferroelectric phase transitions in BaTiO3, PbTiO3, and KNbO3, quantitative estimates of the transition temperatures (TC) suffer from errors that are believed to originate from the errors in estimating lattice constants obtained within the local density approximation (LDA) and generalized gradient approximation (GGA) of DFT. The recently developed strongly constrained and appropriately normed (SCAN) meta-GGA functional has been shown to be quite accurate in the estimation of lattice constants. Here, we present a quantitative analysis of the estimates of ferroelectric ground-state properties of eight perovskite oxides and transition temperatures of BaTiO3, PbTiO3, and KNbO3 obtained with molecular dynamics simulations using an effective Hamiltonian derived from the SCAN meta-GGA-based DFT. Relative to LDA, we find an improvement in the estimates of TC, which arises from the changes in the calculated strain-phonon, anharmonic coupling constants, and strength of ferroelectric instabilities, i.e., frequencies of the soft modes. We also assess the errors in TC originating from approximately integrating out the high-energy phonons during construction of the model Hamiltonian through estimates of the effects of fourth-order couplings between the soft mode and higher-energy modes of BaTiO3, PbTiO3, and KNbO3. We find that inclusion of these anharmonic couplings results in deeper double-well energy functions of ferroelectric distortions and further improvement in the estimates of transition temperatures. Consistently improved estimates of lattice constants and transition temperatures with the SCAN meta-GGA calculations augur well for their use in simulations of superlattices or heterostructures of perovskite oxides, in which the effects of lattice matching are critical.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054111
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume95
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
A.P. is thankful for financial support from the research fellowship from the Department of Science and Technology, India, and Thematic Unit of Excellence on Computational Material Science, JNCASR, India, for computational resources. U.V.W. is thankful for support from a J. C. Bose National Fellowship of the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India. The work of J.S. and J.P.P. (who contributed to the design of the project and the writing) is supported by the Centre for the Computational Design of Functional Layered Materials, an Energy Frontier Research Centre funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, under Award No. DE-SC0012575.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 American Physical Society.

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