Diels-Alder reactions of 5-methylthio-2-vinyl-1H-pyrroles with maleimides followed by isomerization gave tetrahydroindoles in moderate to good yield. Aromatization using activated MnO2 in refluxing toluene gave the corresponding 2-methylthioindoles in good yields, and demethylthioation using Raney nickel gave the 2-H indoles in excellent yields. The protection of the adducts produced aromatization in improved yield, demonstrating the effectiveness of the methylthio group as a protecting group for pyrroles; however, 5-methylthio-2-vinylpyrrole was shown to perform with slightly less efficiency than 2-vinylpyrrole in Diels-Alder reactions, indicating the protective group was more deactivating than desired. This route toward indoles offers high convergency and conveniently available starting materials that are easily purified. Bis-methylthioated vinylpyrroles were shown to have potential as highly activated Diels-Alder dienes.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry|
|State||Published - Jul 2013|