Acceptance of Dental Office Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening among Minnesota State Fair Attendees

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Abstract

Purpose: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common breathing disorder; however, many individuals remain undiagnosed. The purpose of this study was to assess the comfort level of community-dwelling adults to participate in OSA screening in a dental office setting and survey the OSA risk levels of an adult population.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among adults presenting at the University of Minnesota Driven to Discover Research Facility during the 2018 Minnesota State Fair. Participants completed a brief survey including the eight-item STOP-Bang questionnaire for OSA screening. Electronic tablets were used for data capture. Data analyses included descriptive statistics, t-tests, and Chi-square tests.Results: A total of 639 adults met the survey inclusion criteria (n=639). The majority of participants (88%) reported no prior OSA diagnosis. Based on STOP-Bang criteria, 61% (n=344) of the participants were at low, 29% (n=161) intermediate, and 10% (n= 56) high risk of OSA. A majority (64%) of participants reported being either "comfortable" or "very comfortable'"with OSA screening performed in a dental office setting.Conclusion: Over one third of participants with no prior OSA diagnosis were at moderate to high risk for OSA, and the majority stated that they would be comfortable undergoing OSA screening in a dental office setting. Dental hygienists screening patients for OSA with the STOP-BANG questionnaire are likely to have a high level of patient acceptance. Referring patients to the appropriate health care provider for further testing may increase timely diagnoses and treatment of OSA.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)36-42
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of dental hygiene : JDH
Volume95
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2021 The American Dental Hygienists’ Association.

Copyright:
This record is sourced from MEDLINE/PubMed, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Keywords

  • dental hygienists
  • health screenings
  • obstructive sleep apnea
  • sleep disordered breathing
  • STOP-Bang questionnaire

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