Accelerometer-Measured Latent Physical Activity Profiles and Neurocognition among Middle-Aged and Older Hispanic/Latino Adults in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Priscilla M. Vásquez, Wassim Tarraf, Albert Chai, Adit Doza, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Keith M. Diaz, Zvinka Z. Zlatar, Ramon A. Durazo-Arvizu, Linda C. Gallo, Mayra L. Estrella, Elizabeth Vásquez, Kelly R. Evenson, Tasneem Khambaty, Bharat Thyagarajan, Richard H. Singer, Neil Schneiderman, Martha L. Daviglus, Hector M. González

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Derive latent profiles of accelerometry-measured moderate-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) for Hispanic/Latino adults, examine associations between latent MVPA profiles and neurocognition, and describe profiles via self-reported MVPA. Methods: Complex survey design methods were applied to cross-sectional data from 7,672 adults ages 45-74 years in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL; 2008-2011). MVPA was measured via hip-worn accelerometers. Latent profile analysis was applied to derive latent MVPA profiles (minutes/day of week). Neurocognition was assessed with the Brief-Spanish English Verbal Learning Test (B-SEVLT) Sum, B-SEVLT Recall, Controlled Oral Word Association Test (word fluency), and Digit Symbol Substitution (DSS) test. All tests were z-scored, and a global neurocognition score was generated by averaging across scores. Survey linear regression models were used to examine associations between latent MVPA profiles and neurocognitive measures. Self-reported MVPA domains were estimated (occupational, transportation, and recreational) for each latent profile. Results: Four latent MVPA profiles from the overall adult target population (18-74 years) were derived and putatively labeled: No MVPA, low, moderate, and high. Only the high MVPA profile (compared to moderate) was associated with lower global neurocognition. Sensitivity analyses using latent MVPA profiles with only participants aged 45-74 years showed similar profiles, but no associations between latent MVPA profiles and neurocognition. The occupational MVPA domain led in all latent MVPA profiles. Discussion: We found no consistent evidence to link accelerometry-measured MVPA profiles to neurocognitive function. Research to better characterize the role of high occupational MVPA in relation to neurocognition among Hispanic/Latino adults are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E263-E278
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
Volume77
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Gerontological Society of America 2022.

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Latinos
  • Occupational activity

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Accelerometer-Measured Latent Physical Activity Profiles and Neurocognition among Middle-Aged and Older Hispanic/Latino Adults in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this