Accelerated fronts in a two-stage invasion process

Matt Holzer, Arnd Scheel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

We study wavespeed selection in a staged invasion process. We consider a model in which an unstable homogeneous state is replaced via an invading front with a secondary state. This secondary state is also unstable and, in turn, replaced by a stable homogeneous state via a secondary invasion front. We are interested in the selected wavespeed of the secondary front. In particular, we investigate conditions under which the influence of the primary front increases this speed. We find three regimes: A locked regime where both fronts travel at the same speed, a pulled regime where the secondary front travels at the linear spreading speed associated to the intermediate state, and an accelerated regime where the selected speed is between these two speeds. We show that the transition to locked fronts can be described by the crossing of a resonance pole in the linearization about the primary front. In addition, using properties of this resonance pole we derive the selected wavespeed in the accelerated case and determine when the transition between accelerated and pulled fronts occurs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-427
Number of pages31
JournalSIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Coupled reaction-diffusion equations
  • Invasion fronts
  • Wavespeed selection

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