Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) have been shown to modulate the activity of ionic channels by an unknown mechanism. Some channels are activated (i.e. certain delayed-rectifier, potassium channels) and others are inhibited (i.e. certain calcium, sodium and other potassium channels). We have previously demonstrated that PUFAs can act as electron carriers. It is known that ionic channels can be redox modulated. The ability of fatty acids to serve as electron shuttling agents is proportional to their unsaturation. These PUFAs cause reduction of disulfides through a superoxide radical-independent mechanism, probably related to enhanced electron delocalization. The present study shows that there is a strong correlation between the ability of a PUFA to transfer an electron to a disulfide and its reported ability to modulate ionic channels. This suggests that electron transfer could be the mechanism of PUFAs action on particular ionic channels.