Academic Productivity in Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgeons: Identifying Benchmarks Associated With Rank in North America

Kelly J. Lafaro, Amit S. Khithani, Paul Wong, Christopher J. LaRocca, Susanne G. Warner, Yuman Fong, Laleh G. Melstrom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND: Academic achievement is an integral part of the promotion process; however, there are no standardized metrics for faculty or leadership to reference in assessing this potential for promotion. The aim of this study was to identify metrics that correlate with academic rank in hepatopancreaticobiliary (HPB) surgeons.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Faculty was identified from 17 fellowship council accredited HPB surgery fellowships in the United States and Canada. The number of publications, citations, h-index values, and National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding for each faculty member was captured.

RESULTS: Of 111 surgeons identified, there were 31 (27%) assistant, 39 (35%) associate, and 41 (36%) full professors. On univariate analysis, years in practice, h-index, and a history of NIH funding were significantly associated with a surgeon's academic rank ( P < .05). Years in practice and h-index remained significant on multivariate analysis ( P < .001).

DISCUSSION: Academic productivity metrics including h-index and NIH funding are associated with promotion to the next academic rank.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1474-1479
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: Research reported in this publication was supported by the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health under award number NIH 5K12CA001727?20.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2020.


  • academic rank
  • h-index
  • hepatopancreaticobiliary surgery
  • United States
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Benchmarking
  • Male
  • Research Support as Topic/statistics & numerical data
  • Publishing/statistics & numerical data
  • Fellowships and Scholarships
  • National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
  • Canada
  • Faculty, Medical
  • Efficiency
  • Gastroenterology
  • Surgeons
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Achievement

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article


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