Background: Improvement in renal function has been noted in some lung allograft recipients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) converted from a calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)- to a sirolimus (SRL)-based immunosuppressive regimen. However, not all patients have such a positive response. We sought to investigate independent predictors of a favorable renal response in a cohort of lung transplant recipients. Methods: We retrospectively studied 56 lung transplant recipients with CKD, defined as a pre-conversion estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≤60 ml/min/1.73 m2, who had been converted to CNI-sparing regimens using SRL (CNI-free: n = 10; CNI dose reduction + SRL: n = 46). Proteinuria prior to conversion, defined as ≥1+ on urine dipstick, was determined when available (n = 51). Changes in mean eGFR post-conversion and independent predictors of a favorable renal response, defined as a rise in eGFR ≥20% within 1 month, were investigated. Results: Mean eGFR at conversion was 35 ± 14 ml/min/1.73 m2, increasing by 8 ± 14 ml/min/1.73 m2 (p < 0.01) by 1 month post-conversion, a trend that remained significant out to 18 months. A total of 43% (n = 24) of patients had a rise in eGFR ≥20%. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) remained stable in survivors maintained on SRL and only 1 rejection episode occurred. When controlling for gender, age, pre-conversion eGFR and CNI-free vs CNI-dose reduction, the only variable that remained independently predictive of a favorable renal response was absence of proteinuria, with an odds ratio = 3.3 (95% confidence interval 1.0 to 12.5, p = 0.05). Conclusions: Non-proteinuric lung transplant survivors with CKD are more likely to respond favorably from a renal standpoint after conversion to SRL with CNI-dose reduction or elimination.