High concentrations of oxygen (hyperoxia) are known to cause cellular injury and death. The heat shock response is a highly conserved cellular defense mechanism that protects cells against various environmental stressors, including hyperoxia. Herein we determined the role of heat shock factor-1 (HSF-1), a major component of the heat shock response, in protecting cells against hyperoxia. Embryonic fibroblasts from HSF-1-null mutant mice (HSF-1 -/-cells) were compared to wild-type embryonic fibroblasts (HSF-1 +/+ cells) following 24 hours' exposure to room air or hyperoxia (95% O2). Acute survival in hyperoxia was decreased in HSF-1 -/- cells as compared to HSF-1 +/+ cells. Intracellular ATP levels were significantly lower in the HSF-1 -/- cells as compared to the HSF-1 +/+ cells exposed to hyperoxia. Isoprostane levels, a marker of membrane lipid peroxidation, were significantly higher in the HSF-1 -/- cells as compared to the HSF-1 +/+ cells exposed to hyperoxia. Restoration of HSF-1 in the HSF-1 -/- cells by stable transfection with a HSF-1 expression plasmid improved survival in hyperoxia when compared to HSF-1 -/- cells stably transfected with the empty expression vector. Hyperoxia increased activation of HSF-1 in HSF-1 +/+ cells and in HSF-1 -/- cells stably, transfected with the HSF-1 expression plasmid. These data demonstrate that HSF-1 plays an important role in conferring resistance to hyperoxia in vitro.
Copyright 2005 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.
- Heat shock