Abdominal body composition differences in NFL football players

Tyler A Bosch, T. Pepper Burruss, Nate L. Weir, Kurt A. Fielding, Bryan E. Engel, Todd D. Weston, Donald R Dengel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine visceral fat mass as well as other measures abdominal body composition in National Football League (NFL) players before the start of the season. Three hundred and seventy NFL football players were measured before the start of the season using dual-energy xray absorptiometry. Regional fat and lean mass was measured for each player. Players were categorized into 3 groups based on positions that mirror each other: linemen; linebackers/tight ends/running backs and wide receivers/defensive backs. Significant differences were observed between the position groups for both lean and fat regional measurements. However, the magnitude of difference was much greater for fat measures than lean measures. Additionally, a threshold was observed (;114 kg) at which there is a greater increase in fat accumulation than lean mass accumulation. The increase in fat accumulation is distributed to the abdominal region where thresholds were observed for subcutaneous abdominal fat accumulation (12.1% body fat) and visceral abdominal fat accumulation (20.1% body fat), which likely explains the regional fat differences between groups. The results of this study suggest that as players get larger, there is more total fat than total lean mass accumulation and more fat is distributed to the abdominal region. This is of importance as increased fat mass may be detrimental to performance at certain positions. The thresholds observed for increased abdominal fat accumulation should be monitored closely given recent research observed that abdominal obesity predicts lower extremity injury risk and visceral adipose tissue's established association with cardiometabolic risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3313-3319
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume28
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Fingerprint

Football
Body Composition
Fats
Intra-Abdominal Fat
Adipose Tissue
Abdominal Subcutaneous Fat
Abdominal Fat
Abdominal Obesity
Running
Lower Extremity
X-Rays
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Athletes
  • Dxa
  • Obesity
  • Visceral fat

Cite this

Bosch, T. A., Burruss, T. P., Weir, N. L., Fielding, K. A., Engel, B. E., Weston, T. D., & Dengel, D. R. (2014). Abdominal body composition differences in NFL football players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 28(12), 3313-3319. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000650

Abdominal body composition differences in NFL football players. / Bosch, Tyler A; Burruss, T. Pepper; Weir, Nate L.; Fielding, Kurt A.; Engel, Bryan E.; Weston, Todd D.; Dengel, Donald R.

In: Journal of strength and conditioning research, Vol. 28, No. 12, 01.01.2014, p. 3313-3319.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bosch, TA, Burruss, TP, Weir, NL, Fielding, KA, Engel, BE, Weston, TD & Dengel, DR 2014, 'Abdominal body composition differences in NFL football players', Journal of strength and conditioning research, vol. 28, no. 12, pp. 3313-3319. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000650
Bosch TA, Burruss TP, Weir NL, Fielding KA, Engel BE, Weston TD et al. Abdominal body composition differences in NFL football players. Journal of strength and conditioning research. 2014 Jan 1;28(12):3313-3319. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000650
Bosch, Tyler A ; Burruss, T. Pepper ; Weir, Nate L. ; Fielding, Kurt A. ; Engel, Bryan E. ; Weston, Todd D. ; Dengel, Donald R. / Abdominal body composition differences in NFL football players. In: Journal of strength and conditioning research. 2014 ; Vol. 28, No. 12. pp. 3313-3319.
@article{fc756c6ba55e4627a48b723a6ea3fc53,
title = "Abdominal body composition differences in NFL football players",
abstract = "The purpose of this study was to examine visceral fat mass as well as other measures abdominal body composition in National Football League (NFL) players before the start of the season. Three hundred and seventy NFL football players were measured before the start of the season using dual-energy xray absorptiometry. Regional fat and lean mass was measured for each player. Players were categorized into 3 groups based on positions that mirror each other: linemen; linebackers/tight ends/running backs and wide receivers/defensive backs. Significant differences were observed between the position groups for both lean and fat regional measurements. However, the magnitude of difference was much greater for fat measures than lean measures. Additionally, a threshold was observed (;114 kg) at which there is a greater increase in fat accumulation than lean mass accumulation. The increase in fat accumulation is distributed to the abdominal region where thresholds were observed for subcutaneous abdominal fat accumulation (12.1{\%} body fat) and visceral abdominal fat accumulation (20.1{\%} body fat), which likely explains the regional fat differences between groups. The results of this study suggest that as players get larger, there is more total fat than total lean mass accumulation and more fat is distributed to the abdominal region. This is of importance as increased fat mass may be detrimental to performance at certain positions. The thresholds observed for increased abdominal fat accumulation should be monitored closely given recent research observed that abdominal obesity predicts lower extremity injury risk and visceral adipose tissue's established association with cardiometabolic risk.",
keywords = "Athletes, Dxa, Obesity, Visceral fat",
author = "Bosch, {Tyler A} and Burruss, {T. Pepper} and Weir, {Nate L.} and Fielding, {Kurt A.} and Engel, {Bryan E.} and Weston, {Todd D.} and Dengel, {Donald R}",
year = "2014",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1519/JSC.0000000000000650",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "28",
pages = "3313--3319",
journal = "Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research",
issn = "1064-8011",
publisher = "NSCA National Strength and Conditioning Association",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Abdominal body composition differences in NFL football players

AU - Bosch, Tyler A

AU - Burruss, T. Pepper

AU - Weir, Nate L.

AU - Fielding, Kurt A.

AU - Engel, Bryan E.

AU - Weston, Todd D.

AU - Dengel, Donald R

PY - 2014/1/1

Y1 - 2014/1/1

N2 - The purpose of this study was to examine visceral fat mass as well as other measures abdominal body composition in National Football League (NFL) players before the start of the season. Three hundred and seventy NFL football players were measured before the start of the season using dual-energy xray absorptiometry. Regional fat and lean mass was measured for each player. Players were categorized into 3 groups based on positions that mirror each other: linemen; linebackers/tight ends/running backs and wide receivers/defensive backs. Significant differences were observed between the position groups for both lean and fat regional measurements. However, the magnitude of difference was much greater for fat measures than lean measures. Additionally, a threshold was observed (;114 kg) at which there is a greater increase in fat accumulation than lean mass accumulation. The increase in fat accumulation is distributed to the abdominal region where thresholds were observed for subcutaneous abdominal fat accumulation (12.1% body fat) and visceral abdominal fat accumulation (20.1% body fat), which likely explains the regional fat differences between groups. The results of this study suggest that as players get larger, there is more total fat than total lean mass accumulation and more fat is distributed to the abdominal region. This is of importance as increased fat mass may be detrimental to performance at certain positions. The thresholds observed for increased abdominal fat accumulation should be monitored closely given recent research observed that abdominal obesity predicts lower extremity injury risk and visceral adipose tissue's established association with cardiometabolic risk.

AB - The purpose of this study was to examine visceral fat mass as well as other measures abdominal body composition in National Football League (NFL) players before the start of the season. Three hundred and seventy NFL football players were measured before the start of the season using dual-energy xray absorptiometry. Regional fat and lean mass was measured for each player. Players were categorized into 3 groups based on positions that mirror each other: linemen; linebackers/tight ends/running backs and wide receivers/defensive backs. Significant differences were observed between the position groups for both lean and fat regional measurements. However, the magnitude of difference was much greater for fat measures than lean measures. Additionally, a threshold was observed (;114 kg) at which there is a greater increase in fat accumulation than lean mass accumulation. The increase in fat accumulation is distributed to the abdominal region where thresholds were observed for subcutaneous abdominal fat accumulation (12.1% body fat) and visceral abdominal fat accumulation (20.1% body fat), which likely explains the regional fat differences between groups. The results of this study suggest that as players get larger, there is more total fat than total lean mass accumulation and more fat is distributed to the abdominal region. This is of importance as increased fat mass may be detrimental to performance at certain positions. The thresholds observed for increased abdominal fat accumulation should be monitored closely given recent research observed that abdominal obesity predicts lower extremity injury risk and visceral adipose tissue's established association with cardiometabolic risk.

KW - Athletes

KW - Dxa

KW - Obesity

KW - Visceral fat

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84922710387&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84922710387&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000650

DO - 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000650

M3 - Article

C2 - 25187247

AN - SCOPUS:84922710387

VL - 28

SP - 3313

EP - 3319

JO - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

JF - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

SN - 1064-8011

IS - 12

ER -