A virologic pilot study of valacyclovir in infectious mononucleosis

Henry H Balfour, Kristin M. Hokanson, Robyn M. Schacherer, Christine M. Fietzer, David O. Schmeling, Carol J. Holman, Heather E. Vezina, Richard Brundage

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Infectious mononucleosis decreases the productivity of many college students and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection may result in long-term immune damage. Objectives: Evaluate the antiviral effect of valacyclovir during EBV-related acute infectious mononucleosis and explore potential clinical benefits. Study design: University students who presented during the first 7 days of illness were randomized to receive valacyclovir 3 g/day for 14 days or not. The quantity of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA in oral and whole blood samples was determined by real-time (TaqMan) PCR. The primary outcome was the proportion of subjects with laboratory-confirmed primary EBV infection who had ≥2 log10 decrease in EBV copies/mL in oral washes during the treatment period. Secondary outcomes included clinical effects. Results: Twenty subjects were studied. The proportion of valacyclovir recipients versus control subjects who had ≥2 log10 decrease in EBV copies was significantly greater for both oral wash fluid-derived cell pellet (P = 0.03) and supernatant (P = 0.001) samples. At the end of the treatment period, the number of reported symptoms (P = 0.03) and the severity of illness (P = 0.049) were reduced among valacyclovir recipients as compared with controls. Conclusions: Valacyclovir therapy caused a reduction of EBV excretion and possibly produced a clinical benefit in infectious mononucleosis. Because our study was small and not placebo-controlled, these results must be confirmed by a larger, placebo-controlled trial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-21
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Virology
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2007

Keywords

  • EBV viremia
  • Epstein-Barr virus
  • Infectious mononucleosis
  • Real-time EBV PCR
  • Valacyclovir

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