A two-variable refinement of the Stark conjecture in the function-field case

Greg W. Anderson

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3 Scopus citations


We propose a conjecture refining the Stark conjecture St(K/k,S) in the function-field case. Of course St(K/k,S) in this case is a theorem due to Deligne and independently to Hayes. The novel feature of our conjecture is that it involves two- rather than one-variable algebraic functions over finite fields. As the conjecture is formulated in the language and framework of Tate's thesis, we have powerful standard techniques at our disposal to study it. We build a case for our conjecture by: (i) proving a parallel result in the framework of adelic harmonic analysis, which we dub the adelic Stirling formula; (ii) proving the conjecture in the genus-zero case; and (iii) explaining in detail how to deduce St(K/k,S) from our conjecture. In the genus-zero case the class of two-variable algebraic functions thus arising includes all the solitons over a genus-zero global field previously studied and applied by the author, collaborators and others. Ultimately the inspiration for this paper comes from striking examples given some years ago by Coleman and Thakur.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-615
Number of pages53
JournalCompositio Mathematica
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2006


  • Soliton
  • Stark conjecture
  • Stirling formula
  • Tate's thesis


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