A Theory of Dual Job Search and Sex-Based Occupational Clustering

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Abstract

This paper theorizes and provides evidence for the segregation of men into clustered occupations and women into dispersed occupations in advance of marriage and in anticipation of future colocation problems. Using the Decennial Census, and controlling for occupational characteristics, I find evidence of this general pattern of segregation, and also find that the minority of the highly educated men and women who depart from this equilibrium experience delayed marriage, higher divorce, and lower earnings. Results are consistent with the theory that marriage and mobility expectations foment a self-fulfilling pattern of occupational segregation with individual departures deterred by earnings and marriage penalties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)367-400
Number of pages34
JournalIndustrial Relations
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

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