A test of a state-based, self-control theory of binge eating in adults with obesity

Carolyn M. Pearson, Tyler B. Mason, Li Cao, Andrea B. Goldschmidt, Jason M. Lavender, Ross D. Crosby, Scott J. Crow, Scott G. Engel, Stephen A. Wonderlich, Carol B. Peterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It has been theorized that state the levels of self-control depletion (as caused by negative affect and restraint) may lead to binge eating (BE) when individuals also endorse momentary expectancies that eating will make them feel better (EE). Given commonalities in precipitants of BE across populations, the current study tested this theory in a sample of adults with obesity using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Fifty obese adults completed the EMA protocol during which they provided pre-eating episode ratings of negative affect, restraint, and EE, and post-eating episode ratings of BE. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) identified a 3-way interaction between within-person pre-eating episode variables: higher self-control depletion (e.g., higher restraint and higher negative affect) was predictive of BE episodes only when individuals also endorsed higher EE. To our knowledge, this is the first empirical test of this theory, highlighting the impact of momentary self-control depletion and EE on BE in obese adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-38
Number of pages13
JournalEating disorders
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2018

Fingerprint

Bulimia
Obesity
Eating
Self-Control
Population

Cite this

Pearson, C. M., Mason, T. B., Cao, L., Goldschmidt, A. B., Lavender, J. M., Crosby, R. D., ... Peterson, C. B. (2018). A test of a state-based, self-control theory of binge eating in adults with obesity. Eating disorders, 26(1), 26-38. https://doi.org/10.1080/10640266.2018.1418358

A test of a state-based, self-control theory of binge eating in adults with obesity. / Pearson, Carolyn M.; Mason, Tyler B.; Cao, Li; Goldschmidt, Andrea B.; Lavender, Jason M.; Crosby, Ross D.; Crow, Scott J.; Engel, Scott G.; Wonderlich, Stephen A.; Peterson, Carol B.

In: Eating disorders, Vol. 26, No. 1, 02.01.2018, p. 26-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pearson, CM, Mason, TB, Cao, L, Goldschmidt, AB, Lavender, JM, Crosby, RD, Crow, SJ, Engel, SG, Wonderlich, SA & Peterson, CB 2018, 'A test of a state-based, self-control theory of binge eating in adults with obesity', Eating disorders, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 26-38. https://doi.org/10.1080/10640266.2018.1418358
Pearson CM, Mason TB, Cao L, Goldschmidt AB, Lavender JM, Crosby RD et al. A test of a state-based, self-control theory of binge eating in adults with obesity. Eating disorders. 2018 Jan 2;26(1):26-38. https://doi.org/10.1080/10640266.2018.1418358
Pearson, Carolyn M. ; Mason, Tyler B. ; Cao, Li ; Goldschmidt, Andrea B. ; Lavender, Jason M. ; Crosby, Ross D. ; Crow, Scott J. ; Engel, Scott G. ; Wonderlich, Stephen A. ; Peterson, Carol B. / A test of a state-based, self-control theory of binge eating in adults with obesity. In: Eating disorders. 2018 ; Vol. 26, No. 1. pp. 26-38.
@article{73a2fe69ca634e349b9aa60fd2e54080,
title = "A test of a state-based, self-control theory of binge eating in adults with obesity",
abstract = "It has been theorized that state the levels of self-control depletion (as caused by negative affect and restraint) may lead to binge eating (BE) when individuals also endorse momentary expectancies that eating will make them feel better (EE). Given commonalities in precipitants of BE across populations, the current study tested this theory in a sample of adults with obesity using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Fifty obese adults completed the EMA protocol during which they provided pre-eating episode ratings of negative affect, restraint, and EE, and post-eating episode ratings of BE. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) identified a 3-way interaction between within-person pre-eating episode variables: higher self-control depletion (e.g., higher restraint and higher negative affect) was predictive of BE episodes only when individuals also endorsed higher EE. To our knowledge, this is the first empirical test of this theory, highlighting the impact of momentary self-control depletion and EE on BE in obese adults.",
author = "Pearson, {Carolyn M.} and Mason, {Tyler B.} and Li Cao and Goldschmidt, {Andrea B.} and Lavender, {Jason M.} and Crosby, {Ross D.} and Crow, {Scott J.} and Engel, {Scott G.} and Wonderlich, {Stephen A.} and Peterson, {Carol B.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "2",
doi = "10.1080/10640266.2018.1418358",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "26",
pages = "26--38",
journal = "Eating Disorders",
issn = "1064-0266",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - A test of a state-based, self-control theory of binge eating in adults with obesity

AU - Pearson, Carolyn M.

AU - Mason, Tyler B.

AU - Cao, Li

AU - Goldschmidt, Andrea B.

AU - Lavender, Jason M.

AU - Crosby, Ross D.

AU - Crow, Scott J.

AU - Engel, Scott G.

AU - Wonderlich, Stephen A.

AU - Peterson, Carol B.

PY - 2018/1/2

Y1 - 2018/1/2

N2 - It has been theorized that state the levels of self-control depletion (as caused by negative affect and restraint) may lead to binge eating (BE) when individuals also endorse momentary expectancies that eating will make them feel better (EE). Given commonalities in precipitants of BE across populations, the current study tested this theory in a sample of adults with obesity using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Fifty obese adults completed the EMA protocol during which they provided pre-eating episode ratings of negative affect, restraint, and EE, and post-eating episode ratings of BE. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) identified a 3-way interaction between within-person pre-eating episode variables: higher self-control depletion (e.g., higher restraint and higher negative affect) was predictive of BE episodes only when individuals also endorsed higher EE. To our knowledge, this is the first empirical test of this theory, highlighting the impact of momentary self-control depletion and EE on BE in obese adults.

AB - It has been theorized that state the levels of self-control depletion (as caused by negative affect and restraint) may lead to binge eating (BE) when individuals also endorse momentary expectancies that eating will make them feel better (EE). Given commonalities in precipitants of BE across populations, the current study tested this theory in a sample of adults with obesity using ecological momentary assessment (EMA). Fifty obese adults completed the EMA protocol during which they provided pre-eating episode ratings of negative affect, restraint, and EE, and post-eating episode ratings of BE. Generalized estimating equations (GEE) identified a 3-way interaction between within-person pre-eating episode variables: higher self-control depletion (e.g., higher restraint and higher negative affect) was predictive of BE episodes only when individuals also endorsed higher EE. To our knowledge, this is the first empirical test of this theory, highlighting the impact of momentary self-control depletion and EE on BE in obese adults.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85041628296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85041628296&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/10640266.2018.1418358

DO - 10.1080/10640266.2018.1418358

M3 - Article

C2 - 29384465

AN - SCOPUS:85041628296

VL - 26

SP - 26

EP - 38

JO - Eating Disorders

JF - Eating Disorders

SN - 1064-0266

IS - 1

ER -