A systematic review of parental influences on the health and well-being of lesbian, gay, and bisexual youth: Time for a new public health research and practice agenda

Alida Bouris, Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, Angela Pickard, Chengshi Shiu, Penny S. Loosier, Patricia Dittus, Kari Gloppen, J. Michael Waldmiller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

121 Scopus citations

Abstract

Relatively little is known about how parents influence the health and well-being of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) adolescents and young adults. This gap has led to a paucity of parent-based interventions for LGB young people. A systematic literature review on parental influences on the health of LGB youth was conducted to better understand how to develop a focused program of applied public health research. Five specific areas of health among LGB young people aged 10-24 years old were examined: (a) sexual behavior; (b) substance use; (c) violence and victimization; (d) mental health; and (e) suicide. A total of 31 quantitative articles were reviewed, the majority of which were cross-sectional and relied on convenience samples. Results indicated a trend to focus on negative, and not positive, parental influences. Other gaps included a dearth of research on sexual behavior, substance use, and violence/ victimization; limited research on ethnic minority youth and on parental influences identified as important in the broader prevention science literature; and no studies reporting parent perspectives. The review highlights the need for future research on how parents can be supported to promote the health of LGB youth. Recommendations for strengthening the research base are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-309
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of Primary Prevention
Volume31
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Bisexual
  • Gay
  • Health risk behavior
  • Lesbian
  • Mental health
  • Parental influences
  • Same-sex attraction
  • Sexual behavior
  • Substance use
  • Suicide
  • Victimization
  • Violence
  • Young adults

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