In the United States, there has been a concerted emphasis during the past 30 years toward identifying and implementing evidence-based drug prevention programs. The wealth of prevention efficacy research has contributed to the publication of several recent reports on promising, model, and effective programs. We identified five such recent reports, four from the federal government and one from a private foundation, that had nominated and described 100 exemplary prevention programs. Of these 100 programs, 70 reported on evidence of effectiveness. We conducted a qualitative analysis on these 70 exemplary programs. Based on a systematic review process, we identified 10 elements that were characteristic of most (at least 75%) of the programs. These 10 elements are described and discussed in light of public policy issues.
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Significant progress has been made over the past three decades regarding the identification and dissemination of exemplary drug use (including alcohol) prevention strategies for children and adolescents ( National Institute on Drug Abuse [NIDA], 1997, 2003 ). In the United States, the drug prevention arena has seen an increase in the implementation and evaluation of science-based prevention programs. This movement has been aided by more than 30 years of prevention research funded by the U.S. Federal Government, private foundations, and state organizations.
Funding for this project was provided by the Archie & Bertha Walker Foundation, Mentor International, and National Institutes of Health (Grant No. DA15347).
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- Drug prevention
- Prevention programs
- Risk factors