A survey of US hospitals on platelet inventory management, transfusion practice, and platelet availability

Suchitra Pandey, Geoffrey A. Belanger, Srijana Rajbhandary, Claudia S. Cohn, Richard J. Benjamin, Arthur W. Bracey, Louis M. Katz, Jay E. Menitove, Paul D. Mintz, Richard R. Gammon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: A survey of US hospitals was conducted to increase our understanding of the current state of platelet (PLT) practice and supply. The survey captures information on transfusion practice and inventory management, including stock levels, outdate rates, ability to return or transfer PLTs, and low dose PLTs. Notably, the survey also elucidates PLT availability challenges and impact to patient care. Study design and methods: A 27 question online survey was distributed directly to over 995 US hospitals and indirectly through blood centers to many more between September 27 and October 25, 2019. Descriptive statistics were used for respondent characteristics. Bivariate analysis was performed and correlation coefficients, chi square tests, and p values determined statistical significance of relationships between variables. Results: Four hundred and eighty-one hospitals completed the survey of which 21.6%, 53.2%, and 25.2% were characterized as small, medium, and large hospitals, respectively. Some key observations from this survey include: (1) there is an opportunity for greater adherence to evidence-based guidelines; (2) higher outdate rates occur in hospitals stocking less than five PLTs and the ability to return or transfer PLTs lowers outdates; (3) use of low dose apheresis PLTs varies; and (4) decreased PLT availability is commonly reported, especially in hospitals with high usage, and can lead to delays in transfusions or surgeries. Conclusion: This survey represents a comprehensive national assessment of inventory management practices and PLT availability challenges in US hospitals. Findings from this survey can be used to guide further research, help shape future guidance for industry, and assist with policy decisions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2611-2620
Number of pages10
JournalTransfusion
Volume61
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We would like to thank all respondents who took time to complete and return this survey. We would also like to thank AABB for their support with this survey, and the Consortium for Blood Availability for providing a forum to spearhead initiatives related to blood availability, including the development of this survey.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 AABB.

Keywords

  • blood management
  • platelet inventory
  • platelet transfusion
  • transfusion practices (adult)

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