Understanding the energetic state of the heart is essential for unraveling the central tenets of cardiac physiology. The heart uses a tremendous amount of energy and reductions in that energy supply can have lethal consequences. While ischemic events clearly result in significant metabolic perturbations, heart failure with both preserved and reduced ejection fraction display reductions in energetic status. To date, most cardiac energetics have been performed using 31P-NMR, which requires dedicated access to a specialized NMR spectrometer. This has limited the availability of this method to a handful of centers around the world. Here we present a method of assessing myocardial energetics in the isolated mouse heart using 1H-NMR spectrometers that are widely available in NMR core facilities. In addition, this methodology provides information on many other important metabolites within the heart, including unique metabolic differences between the hypoxic and ischemic hearts. Furthermore, we demonstrate the correlation between myocardial energetics and measures of contractile function in the mouse heart. These methods will allow a broader examination of myocardial energetics providing a valuable tool to aid in the understanding of the nature of these energetic deficits and to develop therapies directed at improving myocardial energetics in failing hearts.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by R01HL114832 from NIH and grant 351960 from the Muscular Dystrophy Association.