A Study on the Effect of Patient Characteristics, Geographical Utilization, and Patient Outcomes for Total Pancreatectomy Alone and Total Pancreatectomy with Islet Autotransplantation in Patients with Pancreatitis in the United States

Luis F. Lara, Melena D. Bellin, Emmanuel Ugbarugba, Jaimie D. Nathan, Piotr Witkowski, Martin Wijkstrom, Jennifer L. Steel, Kerrington D. Smith, Vikesh K. Singh, Sarah J. Schwarzenberg, Timothy L. Pruett, Bashoo Naziruddin, Leslie Long-Simpson, Varvara A. Kirchner, Timothy B. Gardner, Martin L. Freeman, Ty B. Dunn, Srinath Chinnakotla, Gregory J. Beilman, David B. AdamsKatherine A. Morgan, Maisam A. Abu-El-Haija, Syed Ahmad, Andrew M. Posselt, Michael G. Hughes, Darwin L. Conwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objectives A selective therapy for pancreatitis is total pancreatectomy and islet autotransplantation. Outcomes and geographical variability of patients who had total pancreatectomy (TP) alone or total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT) were assessed. Methods Data were obtained from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample database. Weighed univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the effect of measured variables on outcomes. Results Between 2002 and 2013, there were 1006 TP and 825 TPIAT in patients with a diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis, and 1705 TP and 830 TPIAT for any diagnosis of pancreatitis. The majority of the TP and TPIAT were performed in larger urban hospitals. Costs were similar for TP and TPIAT for chronic pancreatitis but were lower for TPIAT compared with TP for any type of pancreatitis. The trend for TP and TPIAT was significant in all geographical areas during the study period. Conclusions There is an increasing trend of both TP and TPIAT. Certain groups are more likely to be offered TPIAT compared with TP alone. More data are needed to understand disparities and barriers to TPIAT, and long-term outcomes of TPIAT such as pain control and glucose intolerance need further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1204-1211
Number of pages8
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019



  • chronic pancreatitis
  • health care utilization
  • pancreatitis
  • total pancreatectomy
  • total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation

PubMed: MeSH publication types

  • Journal Article

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