Increased nuclear β-catenin interacting with T-cell factor 4 (TCF4) affects the expression of target genes including SCN5A in ischemic heart disease, which is characterized by frequent ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation. A complex of β-catenin and TCF4 inhibits cardiac Na+ channel activity by reducing NaV1.5 expression through suppressing SCN5A promoter activity in HL-1 cardiomyocytes. LF3, a 4-thioureido-benzenesulfonamide derivative and an inhibitor of β-catenin/TCF4 interaction, has been shown to block the self-renewal capacity of cancer stem cells. We performed studies to determine if LF3 can reverse suppressive effects of β-catenin/TCF4 signaling on the expression of NaV1.5 in HL-1 cardiomyocytes. Western blotting and real-time qRT-PCR analyses showed that 10 μM LF3 significantly increased the expression of NaV1.5 but it did not alter β-catenin and TCF4 expression. Subcellular fractionation analysis demonstrated that LF3 significantly increased the levels of NaV1.5 in both membrane and cytoplasm. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings revealed that Na+ currents were significantly increased with no changes in the steady-state parameters, activation and inactivation time constants and recovery from inactivation of Na+ channel in HL-1 cells treated with LF3. Immunoprecipitation exhibited that LF3 blocked the interaction of β-catenin and TCF4. Luciferase reporter assays performed in HEK 293 cells and HL-1 revealed that LF3 increased the SCN5A promoter activity in HL-1 cells and prevented β-catenin suppressive effect on SCN5A promoter activity in HEK 293 cells. Taken together, we conclude that LF3, an inhibitor of β-catenin/TCF4 interaction, elevates NaV1.5 expression, leading to increase Na+ channel activity in HL-1 cardiomyocytes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health ( R01HL122793 to HX and R01HL111480 to FL).
This work was supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health (R01HL122793 to HX and R01HL111480 to FL).We are grateful to Drs. William C Claycomb at the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, USA and Hideko Kasahara at the College of Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA for kindly providing HL-1 cells and SCN5A promoter-Luc plasmid, respectively.
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd
- Na channel