A small-angle neutron scattering study of water in carbon dioxide microemulsions

R. G. Zielinski, S. R. Kline, E. W. Kaler, N. Rosov

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115 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phase behavior and small angle neutron scattering (SANS) experiments were performed on mixtures of D2O/CO2/ammonium carboxylate perfluoropolyether (PFPE) surfactant as a function of pressure (192-287 bar) and D2O composition (0.8-2.0 wt %) at 35 °C. SANS measurements provided direct evidence of water-swollen inverted micelles in CO2. At a constant PFPE concentration of 2.1 wt % in CO2, the microemulsion core radius increased from 20 to 36 Å as the D2O concentration increased from 0.8 to 2.0 wt %. For a constant water concentration, parameters extracted from model fits of the SANS spectra indicated that as the phase boundary was approached on reducing pressure, micellar structure remained essentially unchanged, while critical fluctuations increased.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3934-3937
Number of pages4
JournalLangmuir
Volume13
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 23 1997

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