A simple method for determination of gait events

Andrew H. Hansen, Dudley S. Childress, Margrit R. Meier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations


Simple and effective methods for determining the timing of gait events are necessary for the proper normalization and statistical analysis of gait data when a variety of gait measurements are available. The approach presented was developed for cases in which overall center of pressure under the body and marker trajectories are being measured over multiple steps. The new method presented uses the relative positioning of the overall center of pressure and an ankle marker in the direction of forward progression for the determination of "heel-contact" and "toe-off" events. The difference between the locations of the overall center of pressure and the ankle in the direction of progression readily delineates the timing of these events. The new method was tested against force records from individual force platforms and was found to detect "heel-contact" events an average of 1 sample (at a sampling frequency of 120Hz, 0.00833s) before the event found using the individual force platforms. "Toe-off" events were found an average of 2 samples (0.0167s) prior to the events found using individual force plates. The method appears new and is attractive because of its simplicity in determining gait events when the appropriate gait measurements are available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-138
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2002

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was also funded by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR) of the US Department of Education under Grant No. H133E980023. The opinions contained in this publication are those of the grantee and do not necessarily reflect those of the Department of Education.

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Department of Veterans Affairs, Rehabilitation Research and Development Service and is administered through the VA Chicago Health Care System, Lakeside Division, Chicago, Illinois.


  • "Heel-contact"
  • "Toe-off"
  • Gait events
  • Long force plates


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