A sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART) protocol for empirically developing an adaptive preventive intervention for college student drinking reduction

Megan E. Patrick, Jeffrey A. Boatman, Nicole Morrell, Anna C. Wagner, Grace R. Lyden, Inbal Nahum-Shani, Cheryl A. King, Erin E. Bonar, Christine M. Lee, Mary E. Larimer, David M. Vock, Daniel Almirall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

College student alcohol use and associated negative consequences are clear public health problems with consequences including damage to self, others, and institutions. This paper describes the protocol of a research study designed to answer a number of important questions in the development of an adaptive preventive intervention (API) to reduce high-risk drinking among first-year college students. The API is designed to educate students and to motivate heavy-drinking college students to engage in existing resources to support reducing high-risk alcohol use, by leveraging technology-based intervention modalities. The primary outcome is a reduction in binge drinking, with secondary outcomes of reducing negative alcohol-related consequences and increasing health services utilization. Adaptive preventive interventions have the potential to reduce the acute and long-term negative health consequences of young adult alcohol use.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106089
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume96
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Adaptive
  • Alcohol
  • College
  • Drinking
  • Online
  • Web

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    Patrick, M. E., Boatman, J. A., Morrell, N., Wagner, A. C., Lyden, G. R., Nahum-Shani, I., King, C. A., Bonar, E. E., Lee, C. M., Larimer, M. E., Vock, D. M., & Almirall, D. (2020). A sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART) protocol for empirically developing an adaptive preventive intervention for college student drinking reduction. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 96, [106089]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cct.2020.106089