A Review of the Eliurus tanala Complex (Rodentia Muroidea: Nesomyidae), with Description of a New Species from Dry Forests of Western Madagascar

Sharon A. Jansa, Michael D. Carleton, Voahangy Soarimalala, Zafimahery Rakotomalala, Steven M. Goodman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Based on 372 specimens examined, we integrated information from two mitochondrial and four nuclear gene sequences, morphological comparisons and morphometric analyses, as well as distributional patterns and ecological occurrences to revise the Eliurus tanala species group (Nesomyinae), a rodent complex endemic to Madagascar's forests. These evidentiary sources generally proved concordant, supporting description of a new species, E. tsingimbato, indigenous to western dry deciduous forest, mostly associated with limestone karst (tsingy); the two other members of this species group, E. ellermani and E. tanala, are restricted to eastern montane humid forest. Phylogenetic relationships among the three species were poorly resolved, suggesting that their speciation was both recent and rapid. We encountered one instance of conflict between mitochondrial DNA and all other data sources, which we interpret as incomplete lineage sorting involving a population of the new western species. Attention was focused on molecular and morphometric discrimination of the E. tanala and E. antsingy groups where their species distributions overlap in limestone-associated forests of western and northern Madagascar. Phyletic divisions demonstrated within the E. tanala species group are discussed apropos of current models of speciation identified for Malagasy forest-dwelling organisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationBulletin of the American Museum of Natural History
PublisherAmerican Museum of Natural History Library
Pages1-67
Number of pages67
Edition1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Publication series

NameBulletin of the American Museum of Natural History
Number1
Volume430
ISSN (Print)0003-0090

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Field surveys in limestone areas of western and northern Madagascar were financed by grants from the Volkswagen Foundation, the Vontobel Foundation, the National Geographic Society (6637-99 and 7402-03) and the National Science Foundation (DEB-0516313). Permission to conduct fieldwork on Madagascar was granted by the Direction du Système des Aires Protégées, Direction Générale de l'Environnement et des Forêts and Madagascar National Parks. Molecular work was funded by National Science Foundation grant DEB-1119918 to S.A.J. For help in the field and for trapping some of the rodents used in this study, we are grateful to Martin Raheriarisena and Haridas H. Zafindranoro. For help with molecular work in S.A.J.'s lab, we thank Carmen Martin and Jordan Tysdal.

Funding Information:
Field surveys in limestone areas of western and northern Madagascar were financed by grants from the Volkswagen Foundation, the Vontobel Foundation, the National Geographic Society (6637-99 and 7402-03) and the National Science Foundation (DEB-0516313). Permission to conduct fieldwork on Madagascar was granted by the Direction du Système des Aires Protégées, Direction Générale de l’Environnement et des Forêts and Madagascar National Parks. Molecular work was funded by National Science Foundation grant DEB-1119918 to S.A.J. For help in the field and for trapping some of the rodents used in this study, we are grateful to Martin Raheriarisena and Haridas H. Zafindranoro. For help with molecular work in S.A.J.’s lab, we thank Carmen Martin and Jordan Tysdal.

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'A Review of the Eliurus tanala Complex (Rodentia Muroidea: Nesomyidae), with Description of a New Species from Dry Forests of Western Madagascar'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this