A review of racial/ethnic disparities in pediatric trauma care, treatment, and outcomes

Melanie B. Laplant, Donavon J Hess

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Health disparities are an increasingly researched topic in the United States. Evidence of disparities found across the spectrum of health care includes pediatric patients. The purpose of this review is to comprehensively summarize disparities among pediatric trauma patients, evaluating both emergency department and hospital treatment and outcomes. Multiple studies describe disparities in a variety of areas of trauma care including emergency department, radiology, surgery, abuse evaluation, and discharge rehabilitation. More concerning, multiple studies report disparities in length of stay, disability, recidivism, and mortality. This review also highlights several gaps in disparity research including specialty care, inclusion of all racial/ethnic groups, and geographic differences. Few of the reviewed studies described disparity interventions; however, research regarding abuse evaluations showed that care guidelines diminished disparity. Trauma care, a routinized patient service, is subject to existing care guidelines and quality improvement prograMS and may be the ideal health care setting for disparity intervention. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE Study type review, level V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)540-550
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Volume86
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2019

Fingerprint

Pediatrics
Hospital Emergency Service
Wounds and Injuries
Healthcare Disparities
Guidelines
Quality Improvement
Ethnic Groups
Research
Radiology
Length of Stay
Rehabilitation
Delivery of Health Care
Mortality
Health

Keywords

  • Trauma
  • continental population groups
  • disparity
  • ethnic groups
  • pediatric

Cite this

A review of racial/ethnic disparities in pediatric trauma care, treatment, and outcomes. / Laplant, Melanie B.; Hess, Donavon J.

In: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Vol. 86, No. 3, 01.03.2019, p. 540-550.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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