A review of fabrication and applications of bacterial cellulose based nanocomposites

Kaiyan Qiu, Anil N. Netravali

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

140 Scopus citations


Bacterial cellulose (BC) is a unique nanofibrous biomaterial which can have applications in many engineering fields. BC possesses excellent mechanical properties and biocompatibility and can be engineered in various forms from nano to macro scales. BC based nanocomposites can be manipulated to improve their properties and/or functionalities. Such materials can be categorized as high-strength materials as well as materials for plant biomimicking, biomedical, electrically conductive, catalysis, optical, luminescent, proton conductive, separating, antimicrobial, thermo-responsive, and other applications. The review presented here focuses on various fabrication methods used and novel applications of BC based nanocomposites that are expected to be commercialized. © 2014

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)598-626
Number of pages29
JournalPolymer Reviews
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2 2014


  • BC applications
  • bacterial cellulose
  • biocompatibility
  • fabrication methods
  • mechanical properties
  • nanocomposites


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