A review of diabetes prevention program translations: use of cultural adaptation and implementation research

Rachel G. Tabak, Kàimi A. Sinclair, Ana A. Baumann, Susan B. Racette, Anne Sebert Kuhlmann, Michelle D. Johnson-Jennings, Ross C. Brownson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) has been shown to prevent type 2 diabetes through lifestyle modification. The purpose of this study was to describe the literature on DPP translation, synthesizing studies using cultural adaptation and implementation research. A systematic search was conducted. Original studies evaluating DPP implementation and/or cultural adaptation were included. Data about cultural adaptation, implementation outcomes, and translation strategies was abstracted. A total of 44 were included, of which 15 reported cultural adaptations and 38 explored implementation. Many studies shortened the program length and reported a group format. The most commonly reported cultural adaptation (13 of 15) was with content. At the individual level, the most frequently assessed implementation outcome (n = 30) was adoption. Feasibility was most common (n = 32) at the organization level. The DPP is being tested in a variety of settings and populations, using numerous translational strategies and cultural adaptations. Implementation research that identifies, evaluates, and reports efforts to translate the DPP into practice is crucial.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)401-414
Number of pages14
JournalTranslational behavioral medicine
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Cultural adaptation
  • Diabetes prevention
  • Implementation
  • Translation

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    Tabak, R. G., Sinclair, K. A., Baumann, A. A., Racette, S. B., Sebert Kuhlmann, A., Johnson-Jennings, M. D., & Brownson, R. C. (2015). A review of diabetes prevention program translations: use of cultural adaptation and implementation research. Translational behavioral medicine, 5(4), 401-414. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13142-015-0341-0