A review of adventure learning

George Veletsianos, Irene Kleanthous

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Adventure learning (AL) is an approach for the design of digitally-enhanced teaching and learning environments driven by a framework of guidelines grounded on experiential and inquiry-based education. The purpose of this paper is to review the adventure learning literature and to describe the status quo of the practice by identifying the current knowledge, misconceptions, and future opportunities in adventure learning. Specifically, the authors present an integrativeanalysis of the adventure learning literature, identify knowledge gaps, present future research directions, and discussresearch methods and approaches that may improve the AL approach.The authors engaged in a systematic search strategy toidentify adventure learning studies then applied a set of criteria to decide whether to include or exclude each study. Results from the systematic review were combined, analyzed, and critiqued inductively using the constant comparativemethod and weaved together using the qualitative metasynthesis approach.Results indicate the appeal and promise of the adventure learning approach. Nevertheless, the authors recommend further investigation of the approach. Along with studiesthat investigate learning outcomes, aspects of the AL approach that are engaging, and the nature of expert-learner collaboration, future adventure learning projects that focus on higher education and are (a) small and (b) diverse can yield significant knowledge into adventure learning. Research and design in this area will benefit by taking an activity theory and design-based research perspective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)84-105
Number of pages22
JournalInternational Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


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